Flora

The flora present in the Maremma area is rich and varied, consisting mainly of a typical Mediterranean vegetation. Landscapes where nature still reigns undisputed.

Beaches, cliffs, sandy dunes and brackish lagoons, evergreen scrubs and pine forests, cultivated fields and pastures, wild hills and mountain areas, undulating and very fertile countryside dotted with farmhouses, alternate with isolated plains, gentle hills and luxuriant woods that know no interruptions. The flora of the Tuscan Maremma is represented in a varied way in all its vastness Territory, with some noteworthy peculiarities: the dense line of pine forests that runs along the coast (formed by the classic umbrella pines), the wild nature of the hilly part (with hornbeams, ferns, alders, elderberries and hazelnuts), alternating with the fragrant Mediterranean scrub (characterized by various shrubs such as holm oak, strawberry tree, myrtle, mastic and evergreen vegetation with many aromatic plants such as rosemary) to the cultivated fields and the meadow-pasture environment, typical of the Tuscan and Lazio Maremma. Environments where nature is still the undisputed queen, in the Maremma Livornese, to the north, and in the Maremma Grossetana, in the center, where for centuries they have grazed in the wild and semi-wild state. Maremma cattle and the Maremmana breed horses, guided and cared for by legendaries butteri, the shepherds of the Maremma, the last herdsmen of the old continent, present today above all in the protected area of the Maremma Regional Natural Park.

An Oleander Plant (Nerium oleander) – Manciano (GR) – Flora of the Tuscan Maremma (Photo by maresa th. Paoli)

The Mediterranean scrub, typical of the Maremma flora, occupies numerous areas extended throughout the territory, from the Metalliferous Hills to Monte Amiata, also filling the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park.

The Maremma flora is exalted above all by illustrious excellence: olive groves and vineyards, from which precious extra virgin olive oils and famous wines, famous all over the world, are born. The particular characteristics of the climate of the Tuscan Maremma – never too cold and never too hot – and of its singular territory, which goes from the sea to the mountains and hills, are the real secret of these renowned local products.

The Rosemary Flower – Rosmarinus Officinalis – Typical Flora of the Fragrant Mediterranean Scrub – Tuscan Maremma
(Foto by Diego Benicchi)