The Regional Natural Park of the Tuscan Maremma or also the Uccellina Park – Alberese (Photo by Elipandi)
Maremma is famous for its rich environmental and faunal heritage. There are many protected areas, in addition to the Val di Cornia Parks, the Maremma Regional Natural Park and the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, Maremma nature is expressed in the WWF nature reserves and oases scattered throughout the territory.
Maremma is synonymous with nature and is one of the most attentive areas of Tuscany sustainable development (almost 50% of the territory is included in various types of protected areas), thanks to a great variety flora and fauna and a development model, also economic, in which the natural environment and the landscape play a fundamental role in creating a real philosophy of life: Maremma lifestyle. Precisely this characteristic makes the Tuscan Maremma an ideal destination for lovers of the environment, who can find various sustainable accommodation facilities (farmhouses in the first place) inserted in unique and unrepeatable natural contexts. Immersing yourself in the Maremma nature is an intense and profound experience, capable of giving strong emotions, a fascinating adventure that leaves marks that last over time. Wild, exuberant and then varied and different, the Maremma is Mediterranean Macchia, forteto, marshes, pine forest, tombolo, plain, mountains and rocks, seas and lagoons, rivers and thermal springs. All faces of a single environment, but profoundly different in shapes, colors and sensations.
The naturalistic heritage of the Maremma is a precious asset and must be kept as such through good behavioral practices, to live in harmony in the natural reserves, WWF oases and protected parks throughout the territory.
Respect and protection of the environment and nature have always been a priority throughout the Tuscan Maremma, both the Livornese and Grossetana ones, it is no coincidence that a good number of protected naturalistic areas are scattered throughout the territory, including a regional park – Maremma Regional Natural Park – also known as the Parco dell’Uccellina, an interprovincial park – Interprovincial Natural Park of Montioni – administered by the provinces of Grosseto and Livorno, included in the Parks of the Val di Cornia, various provincial or state nature reserves, such as the Bandite di Scarlino Nature Reserve or the Provincial Nature Reserve of Diaccia Botrona located at Castiglione della Pescaia (the Province of Grosseto alone currently manages 13, extended over almost 40,000 hectares), as well as various WWF Oasis, among the most beautiful and visited in Italy:
- Bolgheri Oasis – 150 ha.
- Oasi di Orti Bottagone – 92 ha.
- Oasi del Lago di Burano – 410 ha.
- Oasi di Bosco Rocconi – 130 ha.
- Oasi Laguna di Orbetello – 850 ha.
WWF Oasis Orbetello Lagoon – Regional Nature Reserve of the Tuscan Maremma
At sea, the seven splendid islands are protected areas (and some smaller rocks and islets, such as the Formiche di Grosseto) included in the largest marine park in Europe: the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. The Isola del Giglio and the Isola di Giannutri, are located in front of the promontory of Monte Argentario, on the Silver Coast, and are managed by the Province of Grosseto. The islands of Elba, Capraia, Pianosa, Gorgona and Montecristo are located in the Northern Maremma – Livornese, and are managed by the Province of Livorno.
Resources on the Environment and Nature of the Maremma
- Maremma – Nature Reserve – The protected areas, nature reserves, WWF oases, rivers and parks of the Maremma Grossetana, by the Protected Areas and Biodiversity Office of the Province of Grosseto.
- Costa degli Etruschi – Nature and Parks – The most important protected areas, natural reserves and WWF oases belonging to the Maremma Livornese, along the Etruscan Coast, by the Province of Livorno.