Numerous archaeological treasures have been unearthed in Maremma, found in major Etruscan and then Roman centers, such as Populonia, Roselle and Vetulonia.

They preferred the Maremma – this land that today is more identified with the Province of Grosseto – already the first being humanoids that inhabited the wooded and hilly areas ranging from Massa Marittima to Baccinello. Montebambolidefined it by the inhabitants and this term which has come down to us from the darkness of the centuries tells of the existence ofOreopithecus Bambolii, whose fossil bones have been preserved for 12 million years, in a layer of lignite picea, which dates back to the Middle and Upper Miocene. Palaeolithic and Neolithic men lived there, leaving very interesting traces of tools, remains of food, caves, tombs; then gradually – always over the millennia – the Bronze Age, the Iron Age, the Italic civilizations, the Etruscans, lastly the Romans. The Archaeological and Art Museum of the Maremma of Grosseto (inaugurated in 1999), the antiquarians of Massa Marittima, Vetulonia, Orbetello, host eloquent moments of the archaeological history of the Tuscan Maremma.

The imprint that these civilizations, and in the first place that Etruscan, they gave to Maremma – privileged for its geographical position and for the prosperity of its lands rich in minerals and forests – it is still alive in the numerous necropolises, in front of the mighty polygonal walls, in the toponyms of evident Etruscan derivation. The lucumonies of Populonia, Roselle and Vetulonia, the centers of Massa Marittima, Sovana, Statonia, Orbetello, Ghiaccio Forte, Heba, undoubtedly show the opulence achieved in this Southern Etruria by the Etruscan civilization. Not to be missed is a visit to the Archaeological Park of Baratti and Populonia, a true testimony of the splendor of the Etruscan people.

Resources on the Archeology of the Maremma