The Art and Culture of the Tuscan Maremma merge between the past and the present: Etruscan, Roman, medieval vestiges, industrial archeology and works by contemporary artists, seem to stop time.

Maremma is not only made up of clean sea, breathtaking natural environments and tourist destinations, it is one land of art and culture, thanks to the enormous historical, artistic and archaeological heritage of the many medieval villages that have remained intact over time, ancient archaeological sites and impressive monuments that testify to the whole size and beauty of an area that probably has no equal in the whole Italian peninsula. There are many civilizations that have left deep traces in the Tuscan Maremma, from prehistoric times onwards, passing from the Etruscans to the Romans, from the noble and powerful medieval feudal families of the Orsini, Medici, Aldobrandeschi up to the more recent Lorena, who ruled the Grand Duchy of Tuscany until its annexation to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860. All moments that involve this prestigious land as a protagonist, rich in politically important strategic points and therefore contended with hard, bloody, sometimes centuries-old struggles between cities, municipalities and republics. So castles, walls, clashes, ruins, massacres that today are remembered almost more by tradition than by history, have shown that the Maremma was a territory that certainly could not be inspired by tranquility and its possession was ephemeral, to be fought over, to be jealously guarded. , to be defended at all costs.

Sacred and contemporary art, industrial archeology finds and important remains of human settlements enrich the Maremma territory, which is already very generous under the naturalistic aspect.

The ancient use of enriching the cities with monuments, palaces, castles, walls, churches, fortifications and adorning the interiors with statues, paintings, arches, marbles has made the Tuscan Maremma a treasure chest Romantic and Gothic churches and cathedrals (Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Orbetello, Sovana, Pitigliano, Arcidosso, Santa Fiora, Seggiano, Casteldelpiano, Campagnatico, Civitella, Magliano …), of walls, castles, fortresses and fortifications (Grosseto, Massa Marittima, Castiglione della Pescaia, Talamone, Orbetello, Capalbio, Magliano, Paganico, Manciano, Montemerano, Giglio Castello, Scarlino, Montemassi, Pereta, Porto Ercole, Porto Santo Stefano, Saturnia, Roccalbegna, Pitigliano, Sovana, Sorano, Punta Ala, Castell’Azzara …) of paintings (Duccio di Buoninsegna, Matteo di Giovanni, Sassetta, Segna di Bonaventura, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Sano di Pietro), up to the recent Giovanni Fattori, Paride Pascucci, Pietro Aldi and the sculptor Tolomeo Faccendi. It is difficult to identify works and artists from the Maremma, and to mention without forgetting. Almost every town in the Grosseto area has an Aldobrandesque castle or fortress. Impossible to mention them all. It is certain that every small Maremma center has its own monument and it is necessary to look for it, see it in its lines, discover its history from the voice of the people.

The Etruscans and the Romans

It is the Etruscans who left the most conspicuous evidence of their civilization in the Maremma. Today excavations and researches have brought to light settlements, necropolises, beautiful tombs, craft areas and materials of use. The Archaeological Park of Baratti and Populonia, between Piombino and the Gulf of Baratti, is an example, located in the so-called Etruscan Coast.

To testify the high cultural level reached by the Etruscans are the sumptuous funeral accessories with gold, bronze and silver jewelry of refined workmanship, metal objects (the Etruscan techniques of goldsmithing are famous, from the dust, to the chisel, to the granulation), funerary sculptures, alabaster urns, exquisite pottery elegance, often imported from Greece but also locally produced, such as the famous bucchero, a mixture of shiny black clay (made so with particular cooking processes), became the main export product of this people. All products that show the extraordinary mastery achieved in the goldsmith andmetallurgical art, without neglecting the paintings in the tombs, which document scenes of music, banquets, dance, games, sacred ceremonies, hunts, of singular expressive power. The Romans have left us beautiful remains imperial villas on the coast and on the islands ofTuscan Archipelago, but above all the suggestive and spectacular excavations of Roselle and Cosa, which brought to light precious artifacts kept in the Archaeological and Art Museum of the Maremma, linked to the period of the so-called “Romanization” of the Maremma territories, when Rome took possession of the main Etruscan cities – Populonia, Vetulonia and Roselle – definitively putting an end to the great Etruscan civilization.

The Maremma Middle Ages

The Maremma Middle Ages is reflected in the sixteenth-century Medici walls of the capital Grosseto commissioned by the Medici, in the Cathedral of Massa Marittima, in the evocative Church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Sovana, in the Camaldolese Monastery of San Bruzio in Magliano, in the Orsini Palace of Pitigliano, in the Aldobrandesche fortifications of Santa Fiora on the slopes of Monte Amiata, the Spanish ones of Porto Santo Stefano (Fortress or Rocca) and Porto Ercole (Forte Stella, Forte Filippo and Forte Santa Caterina), dating back to the State of the Presidi, and in the many other castles, fortresses and parish churches scattered throughout the Tuscan Maremma.

Modern Art

Modern art in Maremma sees many contemporary artists as protagonists who have given life to wonderful works scattered throughout the territory, offering us an exciting journey through time, where past and present, art and nature blend harmoniously.

  • The Tarot Garden in Garavicchio, Capalbio, offers picturesque statues resembling the major arcana of tarot cards and other fairy-tale figures such as dragons, angels, witches and wizards. The work is by the French artist Niki de Saint Phalle, completed between 1979 and 1996, an authentic testimony of his extraordinary and vital artistic expression.
  • The Garden of Sounds, an artistic park created in 1966 by the artist Paul Fuchs, is located in Boccheggiano in the Municipality of Montieri. In a private garden of 12 hectares, it offers a permanent exhibition of minimal sculptures made with materials of iron, bronze, wood and stone.
  • The Garden of Daniel Spoerri in the Municipality of Seggiano was started in 1991 and is still in continuous transformation today. The park-museum, along a path of 15 hectares, offers a vast collection of works by the Swiss artist and numerous works by over 50 different artists.
  • The Garden of Piero Bonacina “Arte a Parte”is located in Montegiovi, in the Municipality of Castel del Piano (Amiata), an outdoor atelier with sculptures of various kinds hidden in the greenery of a beautiful garden.